Joseph Francis Alward
The King James Bible makes it clear that the New Testament writers believed the being called Lucifer who fell from heaven to hell in Isaiah is the same being called Satan that fell from heaven to hell in Revelation.
The King James Bible teaches
that the being referred to as Lucifer in Isaiah 14 is the same as the being
called the Devil, or Satan, in Revelation.
Here is the evidence:
Old Testament Reference to Lucifer
Falling From Heaven
In the King James version of the Old Testament, there is only one reference to a being falling from heaven, and it is called Lucifer:
Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming…How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer…thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit. (Isaiah 14:9-16 KJV)
The Hebrew word translated as "hell" twice in the verses above is sheol, and scholars have questioned the accuracy of this translation. In other places in the Old Testament, sheol was the place where dead people go—the grave, for example. I don't dispute the claim by some scholars that the proper translation of sheol in the verses above is "grave," because it doesn't affect my argument that the King James Bible teaches that Lucifer fell from heaven to hell. Whether this teaching is demonstrably false is beside the point.
On another point, note the other attributes of "Lucifer":
Lucifer Goes to Hell
New Testament References to Satan
Falling From Heaven
Just like Lucifer in Isaiah, Satan fell from heaven:
And there was war in heaven…Satan was cast out (Revelation 12:7-9)
Satan was cast out into the earth (Revelation 12:9)
Note that Satan is cast into the earth, not onto the earth. Other Bible versions translate it "to the earth," but just as the question of whether the KJV translators rendered sheol correctly is irrelevant to my argument, so is it irrelevant whether the correct translation is "to the earth" rather than "into the earth." The fact remains that the KJV teaches that Satan was cast into the earth, not to it or onto it. Thus, the image we have is of a being falling from heaven into the bowels of the earth, just like the Lucifer who fell from heaven to hell. Lest there be any doubt that New Testament writers would have imagined that hell is where Satan went, we have the following:
And the devil that
deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone (Revelation 20:10)
Satan Radiates Light in His Fall from Heaven
In the verse below, the Lukan
author tells of Jesus associating a great light with the fall of Satan from
heaven, as would be appropriate for a being whose other name means
I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven (Luke 10:18)
Thus, the Lukan and Revelation authors describe a Satan which falls from heaven to hell, just as the Lucifer did in Isaiah, and furthermore the Satan they describe has the same light-giving property that the name Lucifer represents. Clearly, then authors either thought the two beings were one and the same, or at least that the Isaiah Lucifer prefigured the appearance of a Lucifer by another name, Satan.
Thus, the name Satan is just another name for the being called Lucifer in the King James Bible, and so it was Lucifer who was thrown from heaven in Revelation.
Ralph Nielsen, in a March 24, 2004, communication to Farrell Till's biblical errancy discussion forum, tells us that in a letter to the editor of the Moscow-Pullman Daily News (Moscow ID, Pullman WA), he wrote,
Bill Tozer says that God threw Lucifer and his followers out of heaven. I will pay $1,000 to anybody who can show me where the Bible says that.
I think it is clear that the King James Bible teaches that Lucifer and Satan are two different names for the same being. Thus, the Bible does indeed say that God threw Lucifer out of heaven, and Nielsen should pay Tozer his $1000.